When and how does the Dutch digraph IJ display?

Hi, a quick question for the experienced.

  1. If I type ‘I’ followed by a ‘J’ in the Dutch language, is it always substituted by the Unicode glyph ‘IJ’?

  2. Furthermore, if I design the ‘IJ’ digraph along the lines of the following image, should it be the default ‘IJ’ glyph or a stylistic alternate? With the default simply being an ‘I’ followed by a ‘J’.

Screenshot 2023-11-29 at 4.50.49 PM

(Glyph image attached is from Oli Grotesk, screenshot from the TPTQ website.)

That depends on your text programme. The Dutch localised IJ (just like any other localised glyphs) is accessed by the locl OpenType feature. If you design the I_J.loclNDL, you need to note this in your locl feature. Glyphs generates this code automatically.

In InDesign, for example, if you set your text language to Dutch, the IJ will be substituted by your loclNDL glyph.

Concerning your second question: This should not be the default design, but your loclNDL design. The default should just be IJ, as you said.

Read more here: Localize your font: accented Dutch IJ | Glyphs